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Tips For A 15 Weeks Pregnant Women – Things To Be Taken Of During 4th Month

The 2nd trimester of pregnancy is considered to be the best stage of pregnancy. The 1st trimester will have body changes such as nausea and morning sickness. The last trimester of pregnancy will involve less sleep at night, increased body weight, and increased movements of the baby in the womb. So at 15 weeks pregnant, you will be in the best phase of pregnancy.

15 Weeks Pregnant - Symptoms, Baby Development, Tips And Body Changes

By the time you enter into the 2nd trimester, the morning sickness will get reduced considerably. You will be able to eat well, better appetite than you had in the 1st trimester. The energy levels will slowly get back to normal, and you will be feeling more energetic.

The 2nd trimester is also the time when you will need to shop for maternity clothing. The baby bump will slowly start getting formed, and visible to others.

Symptoms Of Pregnancy At 15 Weeks:

The development of the fetus in the womb will lead to many noticeable changes in the body of the expectant mother. The most common 15 weeks pregnant symptoms and signs include the following:

  • Morning sickness
  • Nausea
  • Bloating and burping
  • Heartburn
  • Weight gain
  • Uneasiness or tightening at the abdomen
  • Enlargement of the breasts
  • Darkening of nipples
  • Enlargement of the nipple size
  • Backache
  • Mood swings
  • Constipation

Development Of The Baby At Week 15:

  • The baby will measure about 4 inches from the crown to the rump.
  • The weight of the baby at 15 weeks pregnant will be about 2 ½ ounces.
  • The size of the baby will be about the size of an apple.
  • Initial lung development takes place during this week of pregnancy.
  • The baby will be able to breathe through the amniotic fluid.
  • The legs start getting longer than the arms at this stage of pregnancy.
  • All the joints in the body of the baby can be moved from now onwards.
  • The eyes are formed and the eyelids will remain shut at this week of pregnancy. The eyelids won’t open until birth.
  • The facial expressions of the baby become completely developed by the 14th week of pregnancy though at week 15 you won’t be able to make out who the baby resembles in an ultrasound scan.
  • The baby at 15 weeks can move actively, squint, cry, frown, and even suck its thumb by this week.
  • The taste buds start development during the 15th week of pregnancy.
  • The determination of the sex of the baby can be performed during this week.
  • However, it is important to understand that the sex determination will be accurate depending upon the positioning of the baby.
  • The ears get correctly positioned on the sides of the head.
  • The baby can actively breathe, suck its thumb, and swallow the amniotic fluid.
  • The baby can move in the amniotic fluid. However, these movements won’t be felt by the expectant mother.

Baby’s Sex Determination:

Knowing whether you are having a boy or a girl is exciting, isn’t it? Many people prefer to know the sex of the baby right in the womb, while many others prefer to wait until the due date to know the gender. Prenatal scanning can help greatly in solving the problem of identifying the gender of the baby before birth, at 15 weeks pregnant.

An important aspect to consider before you declare the gender of your baby to family and friends is to understand the limitations of science and technology. At times, the ultrasound scan may not give you an accurate report of the sex of the baby. The positioning of the baby in the uterus at the time of the ultrasound scan plays a significant role in the identification of the gender.

Non-Medical Ways Of Gender Prediction:

Many people go ahead with the non-medical ways of gender prediction, by the 15th week of pregnancy. The senior women have some predictions which may or may not be helpful in predicting the sex of the baby, as follows:

  • Use a Chinese lunar calendar to identify the baby’s gender. It can be conveniently used online by entering the date of the expectant mother and the time of conception of the baby.
  • You can try the gender prediction kits available in the market these days.
  • Gender prediction through fetal heartbeat calculation is a simple way to predict the gender. It is said that girls will have heartbeat of 150 and above, while boys tend to have a heartbeat of 130 and below.
  • The shape of the belly is supposed to be helpful in predicting the gender of the baby.
  • Women who carry high are expected to be pregnant with a girl, and those who carry low are expected to give birth to boys.
  • Worse morning sickness, which lasted throughout the 2nd trimester might mean you are expecting a girl. The reason for this could be the extra hormones in the body.
  • If the bum and the hips of the expectant mother stack on weight during pregnancy, it is supposed to be a girl. If the expectant mother just has a grown belly, then she might be pregnant with a boy.
  • If the shape of the face of the pregnant mother gets narrow and longer, she is probably carrying a boy. If the pregnant woman has a rounder and fuller face during pregnancy, she is probably carrying a girl.
  • Acne will be severe if you are expecting a girl. The face will be fresh and flawless while carrying a boy in your belly.
  • Changes in the breast size will be more pronounced if you are carrying a girl. The increase in the breast size and shape will be less significant if you are pregnant with a boy.
  • If there is swelling observed on the feet during pregnancy, the woman can expect a girl. However, if there is little or no swelling at all during pregnancy, then she might be carrying a boy.
  • If the skin on the hands becomes soft and supple during pregnancy, then you can be expecting a girl. If the skin on the hands becomes hard and dry, then you are probably carrying a boy.

The above list has some signs and changes in the body of the pregnant mother that can be used to predict the gender of the baby. However, these are fun ways of gender prediction and have no medical or scientific explanation. So, it is best to wait for your little one to come in your arms, enjoy your days of pregnancy and welcome the baby irrespective of the sex.

Fetal Hair Or Lanugo:

By the 14th week of pregnancy, the baby starts sprouting hair over the body. The coating of hair that develops over the body of the fetus is called as “lanugo.” The hair development is one of the most important baby development 15 weeks, which isn’t restricted to the head and the eyebrows, but it extends throughout the entire body.

The hair on the fetus will function in providing protection to the tender and soft skin of the baby. The amniotic fluid around the baby in the uterus will act as a cushion, guarding the baby against friction and pressure.

The fetal hair will shed soon during the last weeks of gestation. Many preterm born babies will have a fuzzy coating all about themselves, which will shed very quickly after birth. Many pregnant women complain of heartburn during 15 weeks pregnant, as the development of fetal hair takes place around this time.

Body Changes At 15 Weeks:

By the 15th week of pregnancy, you must be well aware of the most common symptoms of pregnancy.

  • Morning sickness and physical discomforts will get reduced by the 2nd trimester of pregnancy.
  • The energy levels will get raised at 15 weeks pregnant, as nausea and vomiting will get reduced.
  • Stuffy nose is one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy, due to the increased pregnancy hormones. The flow of blood to the mucous membranes increases causing a stuffy nose.
  • The increased flow of blood in the nose can also lead to nosebleeds in many women.

Fetal Heartbeat:

In the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, your gynecologist will be able to detect the fetal heartbeat by a Doppler. The Doppler is a handheld ultrasound device. It resembles a huge tape record, and will be used by the doctor by placing over the belly. The doctor will move it around the belly and pick the heartbeat. The 15 weeks pregnant ultrasound will reveal the heartbeat to be almost 130-150 beats per minute.

Pregnancy Calendar:

Pregnancy care is paramount and understanding the week and the month of the pregnancy will be beneficial for it. You can identify the week of the pregnancy to the corresponding month, and the trimester through the pregnancy calendar. It will be helpful to follow the health tips and the nutrition, understand the baby development, as per the week of pregnancy, especially at 15 weeks pregnant.

Trimester Month Weeks

 

1st Trimester Month 1 1 to 4 weeks
  Month 2 5 to 8 weeks
  Month 3 9 to 13 weeks
2nd Trimester  
  Month 4 14 to 17 weeks
Month 5 18 to 21 weeks
  Month 6 22 to 26 weeks
3rd Trimester    
  Month 7 27 to 30 weeks
  Month 8 31 to 35 weeks
  Month 9 36 to 40 weeks


Bleeding Gums And Dental Care During 2nd Trimester:

During pregnancy, many women complain of swollen, red, and sensitive gums. The various dental problems encountered during pregnancy are as follows:

  • Sore gums
  • Bleeding while brushing and flossing
  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Inflammation of gums
  • Plague formation
  • Bumps on gums (pregnancy tumors)

Tips For Dental Care During Pregnancy:

Most of the dental problems during pregnancy will fade away post the delivery of the baby. The increased pregnancy hormones in the body are responsible for the dental problems. However, it is crucial to protect yourself from the dental problems. Good dental hygiene will be very beneficial to keep the dental problems at bay!

  • Regular dental care
  • Brushing the teeth twice in a day
  • Gentle flossing once in a day
  • Gargling with mouthwash
  • Avoiding sticky foods

Baby Movements At 15th Week Of Pregnancy:

One of the most amazing experiences of pregnancies is feeling the movements of the baby in the womb.

  • The initial movements will be felt as flutters in the stomach with rumbling sounds, similar to the formation of gas during indigestion or overeating.
  • The initial movements of the baby are termed as “quickening.”
  • The movements of the baby will get more pronounced and noticeable as the weeks pass by, to prominent kicks.
  • The initial movements will be felt around the 16th to the 22nd week of pregnancy.
  • The movements will get stronger in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, as the baby gains weight.
  • Women who are pregnant for the 2nd time will be able to distinguish between the initial movements from the stomach flutters and gas.
  • The build of the woman will also play a major role in identifying the early movements of the baby in the womb.
  • Thinner women are supposed to feel the movements earlier than healthy and plump women.
  • The intensity of the movements will be high when you are relaxed, sleeping or lying down quietly.
  • The movements of the baby in the womb will create a strong bond of love between the mother and the baby.
  • It is of prime importance to keep track of the movements in the uterus. Lesser movements can signal a problem.
  • So, check with your gynecologist in case you feel a problem, as she will check on the baby’s health condition.

Every woman is different from the other, and their pregnancies will be different too. Hence, one might be able to distinguish the movements earlier than the other. It is entirely normal!

Pregnancy Diet:

It is paramount to concentrate on the 15 week pregnancy diet, to stay healthy and deliver a healthy baby, as follows:

  • You must include milk and dairy products in the diet, to help in calcium build up.
  • Include lots of fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet, especially at 15 weeks pregnant.
  • To prevent constipation, you can increase the fiber intake.
  • Snacking on healthy foods such as nuts, dry fruits, etc. is advisable.
  • You must avoid the intake of deep-fried and oily foods.
  • You must drink lots of water, coconut water, and fruit juices to stay well hydrated.

Pregnancy Care:

Pregnancy care through the period of gestation is paramount. The 15 weeks pregnancy precautions must be kept in mind, as follows:

  • Lifting heavy weights is strictly not allowed during pregnancy.
  • Strenuous exercises, bending down often, excessive walking, etc. are not allowed.
  • Gentle and brisk walking is allowed.
  • Mild warm-up exercises are allowed.
  • Regular health check-up with the gynecologist is mandatory.
  • Staying cautious and hygienic is of prime importance as pregnancy increases the susceptibility to colds, flu, and viral infections.
  • Multivitamin, Folic Acid, Calcium, Iron intake, and other medications as prescribed by the gynecologist are paramount during pregnancy.
  • Never skip your pregnancy medication, especially at 15 weeks pregnant.
  • Stretch marks are very common during pregnancy.
  • Stretch marks are inevitable but pregnancy care from the 1st trimester onwards will help in reducing them.
  • There is no possibility to harm the baby by penetration in the vagina during sex.
  • However, if your gynecologist suggests you to abstain, it is best to avoid sex.