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Tips For A 19th Week Pregnancy – Things To Be Taken Care Of During 5th Month

During the 19th week pregnancy, you will be just a week away from completing half the duration of gestation! The 1st trimester of pregnancy might progress very slowly. However, as you enter into the 2nd trimester, you might feel the days passing by quicker! If it is a first-time pregnancy, then there are many important things to be kept in mind, to make you journey easy and healthy.

19 Weeks Pregnant - Symptoms, Baby Development, Tips And Body Changes

Symptoms Of Pregnancy At 19 Weeks:

The various signs and 19 weeks pregnant symptoms as follows:

  • Increase in the body weight
  • Development of a baby bump
  • Leg cramping
  • Swelling of the feet, hands, and face
  • Acne, skin problems, dry skin, etc.
  • Increase in the appetite
  • Increase in breast size
  • Food cravings at odd hours
  • Low blood pressure
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Constipation
  • Increase in vaginal discharge
  • Fatigue
  • Tiredness
  • Nasal congestion
  • Blocked nose
  • Nosebleeds
  • Varicose veins
  • Development of stretch marks on hips, abdomen, belly, etc.

Baby Development At 19th Week:

The 19 weeks baby development taking place in the body is as follows:

  • The baby will weight around 8 ½ ounces.
  • The baby will be weighing more than the placenta, though there is not much fat deposited around the baby.
  • The head to bottom measurement of the baby will be around 7inches or 14cms length.
  • The size of the baby at 19th week pregnancy can be comparable to that of an heirloom tomato or a mango.
  • The sensory organs of the baby will be getting developed by the end of this week.
  • The specialized areas of the brain for identifying the senses of smell, taste, hearing, touch, and vision will get developed by this week.
  • The baby might be able to hear the sound of the mother and other sounds around her.
  • The arms and the legs of the baby will be in appropriate proportion to the rest of the body.
  • The hair will begin to sprout on the scalp at 19th week pregnancy.
  • However, the color of the hair is yet to be formed.
  • A waxy coating will develop around the skin of the baby, to prevent the skin from pickling in the amniotic fluid. The coating is called as “vernix caseosa.”
  • The soft cartilage of the baby’s body will soon start developing into a hard bony skeleton.
  • The translucent skin will start developing the pigment in it during this week.
  • The external genitals are completely formed and visible by this stage of pregnancy.
  • However, the determination of the sex of the baby will depend upon the position of the baby at the time of the ultrasound scanning.

Body Changes During The 19th Week Of Pregnancy:

The various changes taking place in the body at the 19th week of pregnancy are as follows:

  • The growing abdomen might cause occasional pain in the lower back and the sides of the abdomen.
  • The stabbing pain in the abdomen is called as the “round ligament pain” which is caused by the expanding ligaments around the uterus.
  • The 19 weeks pregnant belly will begin to protrude from now onwards and continue to grow for weeks to come.
  • As the uterus expands and the baby grows, finding a suitable position to sleep will get difficult.
  • Skin changes, pigmentation and skin problems are very common problems associated with pregnancy.
  • The increased secretion of the hormones, especially Estrogen, will lead to redness of the palms.
  • Many women develop skin pigmentation or darkening of the skin in patches during pregnancy.
  • The most likely places to develop patches are the upper lips, cheeks, necks, forehead, etc.
  • You might notice darkening of the underarms, nipples, vulva, inner thighs, etc. due to the increased secretion of the pregnancy hormones.
  • Freckles, stretch marks, scars, and wrinkles are common during pregnancy.
  • A dark line develops during the 19th week pregnancy, running across the belly, down to the pubic bone. It is called as the “linea nigra.”
  • The growing belly can cause problems such as indigestion and heartburn.
  • The 19 weeks pregnant weight gain will be slow but steady.
  • The increasing body weight might make you feel lethargic and make you breathless at times.
  • Blurred vision and dizziness are common problems associated during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy.
  • A decrease in the blood pressure of the expectant mother is observed in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy.
  • Nasal congestion and a stuffy nose are common during 19th week pregnancy.
  • Occasionally, many women suffer from nosebleeds during pregnancy.
  • Dental problems such as sore gums, bleeding gums, etc. might crop up during pregnancy.

Feeling Your Baby Move During 2nd Trimester Of Pregnancy:

The most memorable experience of pregnancy is to feel the baby move in the womb! The movements of the baby inside the expectant woman will help in creating a strong bond of love between the mother and the baby.

  • The movements of the baby inside the womb will be felt more like proper kicks by the 19th week pregnancy.
  • The first apparent movements of the baby in the womb are termed as “quickening.”
  • The initial movements of the baby can be felt as early as around the 15th week of pregnancy.
  • The intensity and frequency of the movements of the baby will be high when you are relaxed, sleeping or lying down.
  • At times you can be able to distinguish the parts of the body of the baby, such as the foot, thumb, and hands.
  • The frequency and pattern of 19th week of pregnancy baby movement in the womb will be different for different women, depending upon their body structure.
  • It is of prime importance to keep track of the movements of the baby in the uterus.
  • Lesser movements of the baby can signal a problem.
  • Check with your gynecologist immediately if you feel a problem.
  • Checking on the baby’s health condition is essential.

Sex Life During Pregnancy:

The frequency of performing sex is one of the major points of concern for many couples during pregnancy. Sex during pregnancy is completely safe and normal according to most gynecologists.

  • Both the amniotic sac around the baby and the mucous plug will protect the baby well.
  • There is no possibility of any harm to the baby by vaginal penetration during sex.
  • However, you must avoid sex if you have a high-risk pregnancy, especially during 19th week pregnancy.
  • Your gynecologist will suggest you abstain from having sex in the case of a low lying placenta.
  • If you have previously suffered an abortion or a miscarriage, your gynecologist will advise you to be careful.
  • If you had bleeding or spotting during the 1st trimester of pregnancy, then the gynecologist would suggest you avoid sex.
  • Adequate precaution must be taken so that there is no direct pressure exerted on the abdomen of the expectant mother.
  • The sex positions must be kept in mind owing to the increase in the body weight of the pregnant mother.
  • Many women have a decreased sex drive during pregnancy while most others have an increased sex drive owing to the pregnancy hormones.
  • In the last trimester of pregnancy, uterine contractions can be triggered by an orgasm, and hence sex must be avoided.
  • It is paramount for any couple to understand that pregnancy is just a phase of life. Making your partner comfortable is crucial and essential.

Fetal Heartbeat:

  • From the 2nd trimester onwards, your gynecologist will be able to detect the heartbeat of the baby by using a Doppler.
  • The Doppler is a handheld ultrasound device used for hearing the baby’s heartbeat.
  • A Doppler resembles a huge tape record.
  • The doctor will use it by placing it on the belly.
  • The doctor will move it around the belly and pick the heartbeat.
  • The 19 weeks pregnant ultrasound will reveal the heartbeat to be almost 130-150 beats per minute.

Stretch Marks During The 2nd Trimester Of Pregnancy:

Stretch marks are very common during pregnancy. It is crucial for any pregnant woman to understand that stretch marks are inevitable and unavoidable. The primary cause of getting stretch marks is the changes on the surface of the skin. Weight gain during pregnancy, followed by drastic weight loss, after the birth of the baby, leads to the formation of stretch marks.

  • The most likely parts of the body to develop stretch marks are the hips, buttocks, waist, belly, breasts, etc.
  • Stretch marks can be defined as the fine lines or minor streaks on the surface of the skin.
  • The color of the stretch marks will range from light pink to silver.
  • Stretch marks mostly begin developing in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, especially at 19th week pregnancy.
  • The stretch marks mostly fade away with time.
  • It will take about a year after delivering the baby, for the stretch marks to reduce.
  • By using topical creams and lotions, you can reduce the stretch marks to a considerable extent.
  • You can use the topical creams to keep the skin from excessive drying.
  • Reduction in the itching sensation created by the dry skin can be achieved by application of Olive oil, Aloe Vera gel, etc.

Varicose Veins:

  • The increased flow of blood in the body during pregnancy can lead to a painful condition called as “varicose veins.”
  • The condition in which the blood gets collected in the sensitive parts of the veins is termed as varicose veins.
  • The legs are the most likely areas of the body to develop varicose veins, especially at 19th week pregnancy.
  • Women who suffer from varicose veins must avoid standing or sitting in one place for a long time.
  • Moving the legs and feet frequently will help in reducing the discomfort which is caused by varicose veins.

Dental Problems During The 2nd Trimester Of Pregnancy:

Many women complain of sudden and unexplained dental problems during pregnancy. Most of the dental problems that women suffer from during pregnancy will diminish after the delivery of the baby. The increase in the secretion of the pregnancy hormones in the body is responsible for creating dental problems. The various dental problems that a pregnant woman can suffer from at 19th week pregnancy are as follows:

  • Sore gums
  • Swelling of the gums
  • Bleeding while brushing and flossing the teeth
  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Inflammation of gums
  • Bumps on gums or pregnancy tumors

Dental Hygiene During Pregnancy:

Good dental hygiene will be very beneficial in guarding you against the various dental problems, especially at 19th week pregnancy.

  • Regular dental care
  • Visiting the dentist once in six months
  • Brushing the teeth twice in a day
  • Gentle flossing once in a day
  • Gargling with mouthwash
  • Avoiding sticky foods
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Avoiding the chewing of pan and other mouth fresheners

Following A Pregnancy Calendar:

Now that you are well aware of the various changes and developments taking place in your body, you must understand the weeks and months of the pregnancy. Following a pregnancy calendar will help you with the health tips, baby development and precautions as per the 19th week pregnancy.

Trimester Month Weeks

 

1st Trimester Month 1 1 to 4 weeks
  Month 2 5 to 8 weeks
  Month 3 9 to 13 weeks
2nd Trimester  
  Month 4 14 to 17 weeks
Month 5 18 to 21 weeks
  Month 6 22 to 26 weeks
3rd Trimester    
  Month 7 27 to 30 weeks
  Month 8 31 to 35 weeks
  Month 9 36 to 40 weeks

Pregnancy Care:

Pregnancy care through the period of gestation is essential. The 19th week pregnancy precautions must be kept in mind, as follows:

  • Lifting heavy weights is strictly not allowed during pregnancy.
  • Strenuous exercises, bending down often, excessive walking, etc. must be avoided.
  • Gentle and brisk walking is allowed during pregnancy.
  • Swimming is an excellent way to relax during pregnancy.
  • Staying hygienic during pregnancy is of prime importance as it increases the susceptibility to colds, flu, viral infections, etc.
  • Avoid visiting hospitals and visiting people who are sick or recovering from an infection.
  • Multivitamin, Folic Acid, Calcium, Iron intake, and other medications as prescribed by the gynecologist must never be avoided during pregnancy.
  • Stretch marks are inevitable during pregnancy, but care from the 1st trimester onwards will help in reducing them considerably.
  • Following a nutritious 19 week pregnancy diet is essential.
  • A healthy and nutritious diet will ensure the appropriate baby development.
  • Apart from the development of the baby, the body of the woman goes through many changes during pregnancy.
  • Enduring the immense pain during childbirth needs you to keep yourself healthy by concentrating on the diet.
  • Wear loose fitted and breathable clothing, to accommodate the growing baby.
  • Concentrate on your footwear as you need to be very cautious.
  • Pressure on the abdomen can be detrimental to both the baby as well as your health.
  • You must concentrate on the posture as the growing belly will make it difficult for you to stay in a particular position for long.
  • Cramping of the feet and calf muscles is very common, particularly at 19th week pregnancy.
  • You must increase the water intake or take coconut water and fruit juices to stay hydrated.
  • Sleeping might get complicated by the increasing body weight and baby movements, so you must rest well during the daytime.