Tips For A 4th Week Pregnancy Women – Things To Be Taken Care Of During 1st Month
For women who are planning to get pregnant, the 4th week pregnancy is the best time to go for a pregnancy confirmation. Once you confirm the pregnancy, you must meet the gynecologist immediately. There are many changes to be brought about in your diet, the lifestyle, and the working conditions.
The 4th week of pregnancy marks the stage of rapid division and multiplication of the cells, the formation of the vital body organs of the fetus. The most visible signs of pregnancy at 4 weeks will be missing the menstrual periods. The other early pregnancy symptoms will also begin showing by this week.
The week 4 will be the first trimester, which is the phase of pregnancy wherein the fetus is at a high risk for abnormalities. Screening for the genetic defects is of prime importance. It is also crucial to check for an ectopic pregnancy by an ultrasound scanning of the abdomen.
There are many ways to confirm 4th week pregnancy, but you must first understand about the menstrual cycle.
Following the exact date of the period will be very helpful in women who want to conceive. You can figure out the exact day of the next cycle, and calculate the most likely days for conception and ovulation.
Ovulation calculator helps in finding out the most fertile days for conceiving. It will give you the day when ovulation occurs and hence the best days to conceive can be calculated through it.
Understanding the day of conception also incorporates the use of an implantation calculator. The date through the implantation calculator will help in identifying the exact time when the implantation of the zygote in the uterus occurs.
The HCG calculator is one of the most accurate ways for pregnancy confirmation. During the initial days of fertilization and conception, one of the hormones secreted in the body is the Human Chorionic Hormone (HCG). The level of HCG can be checked in both the urine as well as the blood, as a means of confirming pregnancy.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms:
There are many signs and 4 weeks pregnant symptoms as follows:
- The most noticeable change in the body will be missing the monthly period.
- Increased levels of hormones in the body, which will lead to mood swings, bouts of anger and irritability.
- The increased urge to urinate frequently, though each time the output of urine will be scanty.
- Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting sensation, especially in the early morning time.
- Few women suffer from nausea throughout the day.
- Body pains and aches are common during the first trimester, especially 4th week pregnancy.
- Breast tenderness.
- Sore and achy breasts.
- Enlargement of the breasts and nipples.
- Darkening of the nipples, formation of tiny bumps on the areolas of the breasts, etc.
- Fatigue, feelings of tiredness, drowsiness, laziness, dizziness etc.
- Food cravings at odd hours.
- Increased sensitivity to fragrances.
- Quick exhaustion.
- Indigestion and burping.
- Heartburn and bloating.
- Spotting or faint red bleeding (implantation bleeding).
- Increased body temperature
Conception, Fertilization, And Implantation In The Uterus:
- Conception will begin when the egg of the female leaves from the ovary and reaches the fallopian tubes.
- Conception takes place around the 1st week of pregnancy.
- When the egg gets fertilized by the sperm of the male, it will form a zygote.
- The fertilized egg will undergo division over a period of about 7 to 10 days.
- The fertilized zygote will then travel through the fallopian tubes and reach the uterus.
- The movement of the cells from the fallopian tube to the uterus takes about six days.
- The tiny ball of cells formed after fertilization will slowly move into the uterus from the fallopian tubes.
- Implantation in the uterus occurs by the 3rd week of pregnancy.
- Once implanted in the uterus, you can get a confirmation around the 4th week pregnancy.
Understanding An Ectopic Pregnancy:
It is essential to meet your gynecologist during the first few weeks of pregnancy. One of the major complications associated during the initial weeks of gestation is an “ectopic pregnancy.”
- A pregnancy which is formed outside the uterus is called as ectopic pregnancy.
- An ectopic pregnancy is often formed in the fallopian tubes.
- There are no visible symptoms to identify an ectopic pregnancy.
- An ultrasound scan can show the exact place where the pregnancy is formed or implanted, particularly at 4th week pregnancy.
- An ectopic pregnancy won’t have the capacity to survive for long.
- An untreated ectopic pregnancy will make the area around the embryo rupture leading to the loss of the baby, along with creating dangerous complications for the mother as well.
The confirmation of pregnancy can be obtained through pregnancy tests. The tests can either be performed at home by the non-medical ways or through the pregnancy test kits, which are available in the market.
- The pregnancy test kits will give the result as per the amount of the hormone HCG in the urine and blood.
- After conception, the level of HCG will continue to increase in the body.
- Testing very early, before 4th week pregnancy, might give you a false negative result due to the low content of the hormone HCG in the urine.
- Sometimes you can get a faint pink line in the groove of the pregnancy test kit. It is a sign of a very early pregnancy.
- You need to perform the pregnancy test after the periods date to get an accurate result.
- The sensitivity of the pregnancy test kit will increase with the number of days after the missed period.
- The pregnancy test kits come with a manual to help you with the step-by-step procedure.
- You need to use the first morning urine sample for the tests.
- The concentration of the HCG in the urine will be high during the morning time.
Non-Medical Ways Of Pregnancy Confirmation:
The various home ways and non-medical ways to confirm the pregnancy, after 4th week pregnancy are as follows:
You can collect the first morning urine sample in a clean bottle. Leave it untouched for about 7-8 hours. If the bottle develops a white film, it is confirmation that you are pregnant, and if it remains unchanged, then the result of the pregnancy test is negative.
Add some toothpaste to the urine sample collected in the morning. Allow it to stand for few hours and observe the changes. If you see a change in the color with frothing, it is a confirmation of pregnancy. If there is no change, then the test proves a negative result.
The bleach test is one of the most popular tests for pregnancy confirmation. Collect the early morning urine sample and add some bleaching powder to it. If you observe fizzing of the urine, then it is an indication of pregnancy. No change in the urine will mean a negative pregnancy test.
Most people use soap solution test for pregnancy confirmation. Take the urine sample and add soap solution to it. A frothing or color change will mean a positive pregnancy test while no change in the urine sample means a negative result.
Collect the urine sample and add equal quantities of sugar to it. Leave it aside for about 10-15 minutes. If the sugar dissolves in the urine, then it means you aren’t pregnant. If you find the urine getting clumped with the sugar, then it means you are pregnant.
Take equal volumes of white vinegar and urine sample. If you find a change in the color of the mixture, it means a positive pregnancy test. No change in the color of the mixture means a negative pregnancy result.
Baking Soda Test:
When baking soda fizzes with urine sample of a pregnant woman, then it is a confirmation of pregnancy.
Baby Developments At Fourth Week:
The baby is called as an “embryo” during the initial weeks of pregnancy. The various baby developments at 4th week pregnancy are as follows:
- The development of the yolk sac and the amnion takes place during this week of pregnancy.
- The yolk sac will provide the embryo with the required nutrients until the placenta is formed.
- A vascular network grows over the embryo to help in the transportation of blood, oxygen, and other vital nutrients.
- The umbilical cord facilitates the transportation of nutrients from the embryo to the mother.
- The placenta formation and the development of the umbilical cord will take place during the 5th week of pregnancy.
- By the 4th week of pregnancy, the baby will be approximately 0. 4 mm long.
- The size of the embryo is comparable to the size of an apple seed.
- The first organ to be formed in the embryo is the heart.
- The heart will begin beating, pumping blood, and facilitate the development of the other vital body organs.
- An ultrasound scanning during this week of pregnancy will show the yolk sac and also the heartbeat of the embryo.
Body Changes At 4th Week:
There are various changes taking place in the body of the expectant mother during 4th week pregnancy are as follows:
One of the most common early pregnancy symptoms is the tenderness of the breasts. Many women suffer from achy and tingly breasts during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester. The pregnancy hormones, namely Progesterone and Estrogen, are responsible for the changes in the breasts. In addition to the breasts feeling bigger, you will also observe that the nipples of the breasts will stick out more than usual. The darkening of the skin around the nipples is another common early pregnancy symptom. The changes in the breasts will be helpful in lactation post the delivery of the baby.
Increased Susceptibility To Infections:
Pregnancy increases the susceptibility of the expectant mother to vaginal infections, cold and coughs, viral flu, etc. Remaining sanitary and hygienic during pregnancy is paramount. You can check with your gynecologist about feminine hygiene wash solutions to keep vaginal infections at bay. Alternatively, you can soak the undergarments in a mild disinfectant to kill any possible bacterial and fungal growth in the clothing. You must eat well and guard yourself against infections by building the immune system. The pregnancy hormones will make the immune system very low, so as to support the growth of the baby inside the womb.
Weight gain will be insignificant during the 1st trimester of pregnancy. During the initial few weeks, the increased frequency of morning sickness will be responsible for weight loss. However, as you move ahead into the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, weight gain will be slow and steady. The weight gain will become more prominent during the last trimester of pregnancy.
Many women suffer from light pink colored spotting or bleeding during the implantation of the baby at 4 weeks in the uterus. The faint pink discharge of blood is called as “implantation bleeding.” Many women suffer from implantation bleeding and many women don’t. The zygote formed inside the fallopian tubes will reach the uterus wall and get implanted there, which may or may not cause some bleeding. It can be considered to be a sign of early pregnancy in some women.
Increase The Water Intake:
The increased secretion of hormones in the body during pregnancy will lead to morning sickness, nausea, dehydration, and fatigue. It is common to feel exhausted and tired, especially during the initial weeks of pregnancy. It is paramount to concentrate on the diet to stay active and keep yourself well hydrated by drinking coconut water, fresh fruit juices, vegetable juices, etc.
Owing to the increased secretion of the pregnancy hormones in the body, the process of digestion will slow down drastically. Most of the doctors will suggest you have small meals at frequent intervals of time to facilitate the process of digestion.
Know More: Foods to Avoid When Pregnant
Tips During Early Pregnancy:
There are many body pains and aches associated with pregnancy. Following few tips at 4th week pregnancy will help you, as follows:
- Follow a mild exercise routine.
- Don’t lift heavy weights.
- Get Sufficient Rest And Sleep.
- Take the Folic Acid supplements, Calcium, and Iron medications.
- Avoid alcohol consumption.
- Avoid smoking and second-hand smoke.
- Avoid Overeating.
- Avoid being on an empty stomach.
- Avoid unpasteurized milk and dairy products.
- Stay away from sick people.
- Avoid having seafood.
- Relax and don’t stress yourself, both physically and mentally.
- Check with the gynecologist when you feel there is any problem.
- Get the prescribed prenatal screening and testing done on time.
- Walk carefully, and avoid staying on your toes for long.
- Take breaks when you feel tired and exhausted.
- Stay well hydrated to make up for the loss of water by morning sickness.
- Avoid fragrances and foods which aggravate nausea.
Pregnancy constitutes to be one of the most amazing phases of life for any woman. There are several developments taking place in your body, so you must understand the weeks and months of pregnancy to follow the health tips accordingly. The pregnancy calendar will help you in identifying the week of your pregnancy corresponding to the month, and trimester as follows:
|1st Trimester||Month 1||1 to 4 weeks|
|Month 2||5 to 8 weeks|
|Month 3||9 to 13 weeks|
|Month 4||14 to 17 weeks|
|Month 5||18 to 21 weeks|
|Month 6||22 to 26 weeks|
|Month 7||27 to 30 weeks|
|Month 8||31 to 35 weeks|
|Month 9||36 to 40 weeks|