Those of you, who aren’t planning to get pregnant, won’t notice the signs at the 1st week of pregnancy. In fact, even the 2nd week pregnancy signs and symptoms will be undetected by maximum women.
Women who have been trying to conceive and get pregnant will find it difficult to wait for the pregnancy confirmation! Close monitoring of the body changes might help you in identifying the time of conception, implantation, and early pregnancy signs.
Healthy Woman’s Pregnancy Cycle:
The menstrual cycle of a healthy woman will range from 28 days to 32 days. However, the duration of the menstrual cycle can be longer or shorter. Each and every woman will tend to have a different period cycle, depending upon her health, lifestyle, eating habits, medical condition, etc.
Gynecologists suggest that ovulation will mostly occur between the days 11 to the day 21 of the menstrual cycle. The days 11 to 21 of the cycle are considered to be the most fertile days for conceiving. However, there could be many reasons for a delayed cycle, as follows:
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOD)
- Hormonal imbalance
- Dysfunction of the pituitary gland
- Thyroid dysfunction
- Weight gain
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Certain medications
- Medical complications
Conception, Fertilization, And Implantation:
- Conception occurs when the egg of the female leaves from the ovary and reaches the fallopian tubes, around the 1st week of pregnancy.
- When the egg of the female gets fertilized by the sperm from a male, a zygote will be formed.
- The zygote is a tiny ball of cells, which undergoes rapid division.
- The fertilized egg will divide for over a period of about 7 days to 10 days.
- The fertilized zygote will travel through the fallopian tubes and reaches the uterus for implantation.
- The movement of the cells from the fallopian tube to the uterus takes about six days time.
- The implantation of the zygote, which has been formed, occurs in the wall of the uterus.
- At times in few women, the implantation of the zygote into the wall of the uterus can lead to bleeding or spotting, called as the “implantation bleeding.”
- The first week of pregnancy will go undetected by most women as fertilization takes place during the 2nd week of pregnancy.
- If more than one egg gets fertilized in the fallopian tubes, multiple zygotes will be formed. It can lead to the formation of twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.
- The chromosomes will carry the genetic material.
- The genetic material will determine the sex of the baby, the hair color, the color of the eye, the facial features, the skin color, the height, the body structure, etc.
- Placenta formation takes place around the 10th week of pregnancy.
- Till the time the placenta is developed and formed, a yellowish body of cells is formed.
- It provides nourishment to the growing zygote by producing the relevant hormones during the 2nd week pregnancy.
Meeting the gynecologist is essential during the early stages of pregnancy. The moment you confirm the pregnancy, you must go ahead for a healthy prenatal check-up.
- A major complication during the initial weeks of conception is an “ectopic pregnancy.”
- The fertilized zygote will travel through the fallopian tubes and reaches the uterus for implantation.
- The implantation of the zygote has to occur inside the uterus.
- A pregnancy which is formed in the fallopian tubes is called as an ectopic pregnancy.
- It is a dangerous complication, as it won’t survive for long.
- An untreated ectopic pregnancy will cause the area around the embryo to rupture.
- It will lead to an abortion along with posing a threat to the pregnant woman’s life as well.
- There will be no visible symptoms to identify an ectopic pregnancy.
- You must meet the gynecologist immediately if there are signs such as vaginal bleeding, blurred vision, dizziness or fainting, rectal or pelvic pressure, etc.
Hormonal Changes And Pregnancy:
Pregnancy involves the secretion of different hormones in the body of the expectant woman. The excessive secretion of hormones in the body leads to the early signs and symptoms of pregnancy, and is responsible for the development of the baby in the womb.
The pregnancy hormones will support the growth of the embryo and the formation of the placenta. The secretion of hormones is essential for preparing the body for gestation. The various hormones secreted are as follows:
Human Chorionic Hormone(HCG):
During implantation of the fetus in the uterus, an important hormone called as the human chorionic hormone or HCG is secreted. The presence of the hormone in both the urine as well as the blood of the pregnant woman is a vital test for pregnancy confirmation. HCG is a key hormone for the development of the baby at 2nd week pregnancy.
Progesterone is the most vital hormone, responsible for the development of the baby during pregnancy. The secretion of the hormone is paramount in the initial weeks, and it will continue to be secreted throughout the 9 months duration. Progesterone has different functions in the body such as facilitating the flow of the blood to the wall of the uterus, the formation of the placenta, preparation of the breasts for lactation, preventing premature labor, etc.
Estrogen is one of the essential hormones secreted in the body during pregnancy. Estrogen is in charge of the development of the organs of the fetus. Estrogen is responsible for the formation of the placenta and helps in the growth of it. Placenta formation is crucial, as it can be considered to be the lifeline for the growing baby, especially at 2nd week pregnancy.
Relaxin is the hormone responsible for the relaxation of the various muscles of the body during pregnancy. The secretion of Relaxin is paramount during pregnancy. Pregnancy involves various changes in the body of the expectant mother. Secretion of the hormone will help in allowing the uterus to expand, to be able to accommodate the growing baby. It also prepares the body to endure childbirth, contracting and relaxing the different muscles in the body.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms:
There will be no visible 2 weeks pregnant symptoms and signs. However, there can be few signs that show you are pregnant if you observe them carefully and closely. Most women won’t detect the early pregnancy symptoms as these signs are similar to pre-menstrual symptoms (PMS), as follows:
- Mood swings
- Tenderness in breasts
- Sore breasts
- Sensitive nipples
- Cramping in the lower abdomen
- Back pain
- Gas formation
- Increased body temperature
Pregnancy Confirmation And Tests:
There are many ways to confirm the pregnancy. You can use the pregnancy test kits available in the medical halls or try the non-medical ways for pregnancy confirmation. However, pregnancy can’t be confirmed as early as the 2nd week. There will be insignificant signs of pregnancy at 2 weeks, but as the pregnancy progresses, the symptoms will get more and more pronounced.
After conception, the level of HCG will increase in the body and can be detected in the urine as well as the blood of the expectant mother. Testing very early, around the 2nd week pregnancy, can give you a negative result, mainly due to the low content of HCG in the urine. The best positive results will be visible only after 5 weeks of conception. You need to perform the pregnancy test few days post missing the periods to get an accurate result.
Baby Development At 2nd Week Pregnancy:
The various developments taking place in the baby at 2nd week pregnancy are as follows:
- There are 46 chromosomes in the body, of which the X and the Y chromosomes are the most crucial.
- The X and the Y chromosomes will determine the gender of the baby.
- The egg from the female will carry the X chromosome, while the sperm of the male will carry both the X and the Y chromosomes.
- The embryo will be implanted in the wall of the uterus.
- The secretions of the lining of the uterus will protect the embryo well from friction.
- At 2 weeks pregnant, the baby will be called as the “embryo.”
- The embryo will be tiny, about 0.1mm or 0.2mm long.
- There will be about 150 cells in the embryo which undergo rapid division and growth.
- There are 3 layers formed in the embryo, as follows:
The inner layer is the 1st layer which is formed. It is called as the Endoderm or the Endoblast. The layer will develop into the digestive system and the respiratory tract of the baby. The essential organs such as the thyroid gland, pancreas, liver, thymus, etc. will be formed through the layer.
The middle layer is called as the Mesoderm. The Mesoderm will form the bones of the baby, the cartilage, the circulatory system, the inner skin and the muscles, the excretory system, the baby’s genitalia, the outer covering of the skin, etc.
The 3rd layer is called as the Ectoderm or the Ectoblast. The 3rd layer will form the nervous system of the baby, the brain, and the epidermis. The epidermis will form the baby’s nails, skin, and hair.
Body Changes At 2nd Week Pregnancy:
Various changes that take place in the body of the expectant mother during 2nd week pregnancy are as follows:
- The increased secretion of hormones in the body can make you feel tired and lethargic.
- Nausea and morning sickness are common symptoms of early pregnancy, which can make you dehydrated.
- Missing the monthly periods is one of the earliest pregnancy signs and symptoms. However, you will identify the body change only after the 5th week of conception.
- The uterus lining or the Endometrium will thicken, to provide a healthy environment for the growth of the baby.
- Breast enlargement, sore breasts, sensitive nipples, etc. are the most common body changes during the initial days, owing to the excessive secretion of hormones in the body.
It is paramount to understand the weeks and months of pregnancy. Following the pregnancy calendar will help you in identifying the week of your pregnancy corresponding to the month, and the trimester. It will be beneficial for you to follow the health tips, nutrition, understand the baby development week by week, etc.
|1st Trimester||Month 1||1 to 4 weeks|
|Month 2||5 to 8 weeks|
|Month 3||9 to 13 weeks|
|Month 4||14 to 17 weeks|
|Month 5||18 to 21 weeks|
|Month 6||22 to 26 weeks|
|Month 7||27 to 30 weeks|
|Month 8||31 to 35 weeks|
|Month 9||36 to 40 weeks|
Pregnancy Tips And Care:
The early signs of pregnancy will be in full swing post the fertilization and implantation of the embryo in the wall of the uterus. Each week will be potentially life-changing with the rapid growth and development taking place in the fetus. The various tips at 2nd week pregnancy are as follows:
- Enduring the baby in your body for the 9 months of pregnancy needs you to stay healthy and active.
- You will need to increase the stamina of the body, to be able to endure childbirth.
- The initial weeks of pregnancy are crucial for the fetal development.
- The chances of spontaneous miscarriage and abortion will be very high during the early stages of pregnancy. Hence, pregnancy care is essential.
- Including healthy foods in the diet is paramount for the proper growth and development of the baby.
- Intake of milk and dairy products such as cheese, curd, etc. is very healthy during pregnancy.
- Unpasteurized milk and dairy products must be strictly avoided during pregnancy.
- Canned foods, processed foods, etc. must be avoided.
- Seafood must be strictly avoided during pregnancy.
- Eating well and frequently is vital during pregnancy. Doctors suggest eating small meals at regular intervals of time.
- Stay well hydrated by drinking juices, coconut water, and fluids to keep away the dehydration.
- Snack upon healthy and nutritious food than junk foods.
- Avert staying on an empty stomach for very long, as it will worsen nausea.
- Avoid the intake of oily, deep fried, spicy, and roadside snacks to prevent heartburn and indigestion.
- Avoid overeating as it might lead to indigestion and acidity.
- Constipation is a common pregnancy symptom. One of the best ways to deal with constipation is to increase the water intake.
- Always consult your gynecologist before you take any medication during pregnancy.
- Prenatal testing and screening are imperative, especially during the early weeks of pregnancy.
- Remember to take the Folic Acid mediation as it is essential for the healthy development of the baby’s nervous system and brain.
- Most common pregnancy medications include Calcium, Iron, Multivitamin, etc.
- You must avoid indulging in smoking, second-hand smoke, and alcohol consumption.
- Avoid excessive walking, strenuous exercise, lifting heavy weights, and bending down.
- Indulging in meditation, yoga, relaxation techniques, etc. is advisable to reduce stress and anxiety associated with pregnancy.
- Hot sauna must be avoided strictly during pregnancy.
- The immune system of the body will go down drastically during pregnancy, to support the growth of the baby in the body.
- The susceptibility to infections will be more and hence needs you to be cautious and stay away from sick people.
There are various changes to be brought about in your diet, the lifestyle, the working conditions, etc. especially at 2nd week pregnancy. Once you confirm the pregnancy, you must meet the gynecologist immediately to get the prenatal tests done and also to begin the pregnancy medication. Since it is the beginning of the pregnancy, you are required to take utmost care of yourself in the initial weeks.
The gynecologist will suggest you be extremely cautious during the first few weeks. Once you get over the 3rd month of pregnancy, the chances of miscarriage will be reduced by about 70%.