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Important Signs of Miscarriage – Explore Pregnancy Challenges of a Woman

Miscarriage refers to nothing but a pregnancy which ends on its own. This situation refers to a condition in which the pregnancy ends itself within the first 20 weeks of gestation. The medical terms that are used to address this loss or potential complication often end up giving a sad and uncomfortable feeling to the women and hence they end up feeling depressed as well as miserable. The effects of miscarriage affect their overall mental health.


Thankfully, the resulting progress in the field of medical science has enabled the doctors to coin out the signs of miscarriage. Once these signs of miscarriage are figured out, proper precautions can be taken which can ward off the problem and hence keep your healthy and mentally sane.

Miscarriage is considered to be one of the most common types of the pregnancy loss. According to various surveys and studies, around 10-25 percent of all the clinically recognized pregnancies end up in miscarriage. In addition to this, the chemical pregnancies account for about 50-75 percent in all kinds of miscarriages. The reasons for miscarriage are many. The chemical reason includes the loss of blood during bleeding which occurs at the time of the expected period of a woman. The fact that the woman has conceived isn’t realized by many women in this condition.

According to the signs of miscarriage, most miscarriages take place during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy. Pregnancy, though, is considered to be an exciting time for both the husband as well as the wife, however, with a great number of increasing miscarriages, it has become important to remain informed about the chances of miscarriage in order to avoid further issues or even to prevent miscarriage.

There could be a number of confusing moments as well as terms which accompany the reasons of miscarriage. Miscarriage itself has a number of types and all these kinds come with different ways to prevent miscarriage. These kinds also include different statistics for what your chances are of a miscarriage.

The following article throws light on everything that you need to know about miscarriage, signs of miscarriage, what reasons add to the causes of miscarriage as well as how to prevent miscarriage.

Common causes of miscarriage:

Miscarriage, especially recurrent miscarriage occurs due to the below-mentioned causes:

Anatomical causes:

If something within your body structure is causing the problem of miscarriage, then this cause of miscarriage is an anatomical cause. The anatomical reason for miscarriage is further contributed by the misshaped uterus, large uterine fibroids, incompetent cervix or serious Asherman’s syndrome.

Genetic reasons of miscarriage:

Recurrent miscarriages take place due to a number of genetic defects in the body, either in the sperm or the egg. Couples who are above 35 years of age have a greater chance of this problem as both the egg as well as sperm isn’t considered to be healthy, compared to the younger years. You can prevent miscarriage caused due to this factor by switching to a diet which is healthier and nutritious in nature. Also, the medical science has given rise to a number of therapies that are helping to protect the egg as well as sperm DNA and are further providing the ingredients for a much healthier reproductive system.

Blood Clotting:

Frequent blood clotting during pregnancy is also considered to be one of the usual signs of miscarriage and the same adds to the causes of miscarriage in women. As a small blood clot begins to develop in the uterus of a woman, the placenta cuts off and hence leaves the fetus void of the oxygen as well as the supply of the nutrition, following which the chances of miscarriage add up.

If in the event, your pregnancy develops before the 24th week prior to the development of the clotting, it could still result in a premature birth of your baby. The worst thing here is that blood clotting doesn’t come with any warning signs which makes it unforeseen. The only solution to save yourself from this sign of miscarriage is regular test and checkup and proper consultation with your doctor.

High levels of homocysteine:

Homocysteine refers to a common sulfur-containing amino acid which is present in the body. If the amounts of these acids in the body becomes too high, especially during the event of pregnancy, it can lead to a condition called hypercoagulability. In this mentioned condition of health, your blood clots too much and more easily than it generally should. Thus, this condition puts you at a higher risk of a stroke or heart attack apart from miscarriage, putting your baby in danger as well.

It is considered that the homocysteine levels which are higher than 10-10.7 mol/L increase the chances of miscarriage in a woman by a huge 38 percent.

Immunological disorders:

Another reason for miscarriage is the immunological disorder which is also considered to be an immunity-based miscarriage. Under this condition, the body attacks the sperm or the fetus which is caused by the elevated natural killer cells or the HLA incompatibility in the body. Fortunately, a number of natural therapies have been introduced using which this problem could be treated easily so that one can prevent miscarriage.

Hormonal Imbalance, one of the reasons of miscarriage:

There are a number of links in between the recurrent miscarriage and hormonal imbalance caused in the body. The hormone system of a human body is an intricate set of hormones which helps in running the body on a particular schedule. If one of the hormones in the body goes out of balance, it can affect the entire cycle and needless to say, it could affect the pregnancy as well. These imbalances include:

Low Progesterone:

Progesterone is considered to be necessary for pregnancy as it helps to preserve the lining of the uterus so that the new embryo could be attached and nourished with which the placenta takes its form. Low level of progesterone can lead to menstruation during pregnancy.

High estrogen:

The high levels of estrogen in the body too may cause a number of issues in the pregnancy, thereby becoming one of the signs of miscarriage.

Elevated prolactin:

This hormone multiplies itself in abundance during the lactation. Apart from promoting the formation of milk for the new mother, this hormone can repress the process of ovulation.

The resistance to Insulin:

Insulin resistance is considered to be a hormonal imbalance by itself and it raises the levels of testosterone, blood sugar as well as estrogen while lowering the levels of progesterone in the body. This entire cycle is likely to increase the chances of miscarriage in women. At the same time, if the resistance of insulin is not addressed soon, it could develop severe problems such as heart diseases or diabetes. The issue of ‘resistance to insulin’ is also related to the problem of PCOS in women.

Thyroid disorders:

Various untreated and undiagnosed thyroid disorders also add to the signs of miscarriage in the females. This becomes a cause of recurrent miscarriage, infertility as well as second or third-trimester loss. The good news is that it can be treated by getting yourself tested at the earliest.

Luteal Phase Defect:

The luteal phase refers to a time period post the ovulation in which the embryo makes its way to the fallopian tubes to implant itself into the lining of the uterus. If this phase is too short for the embryo to get inside and attach itself properly, it could become one of the causes of miscarriage.

Chances of having a miscarriage:

The chances of having a miscarriage for all the women in their childbearing years range from 10-25 percent respectively. In most of the healthy women, the average chance of bearing a miscarriage ranges in between 15 and 20 percent. Furthermore, the following factors add on to the chances of having a miscarriage in women:

  • An increase as to the maternal age.
  • Women who are below 35 years old bear 15 percent chances and signs of miscarriage.
  • Women who are 35-45 years old bear 20-35 percent chances of miscarriage.
  • Women over 45 years of age bear 50 percent chances of getting a miscarriage.
  • Women who had previously experienced a miscarriage bear 25 percent chances of having another miscarriage.

Warning signs of miscarriage:

If you happen to experience all or any of the below mentioned symptoms, your chances of getting a miscarriage are relatively high. Thus, it is very important for you to contact your healthcare provider to find out the ways to prevent miscarriage:

  • Weight loss.
  • The occurrence of white-pink mucus.
  • Mild to severe back pain, worse than the normal menstrual cramps.
  • True contractions occurring in every 5-20 minutes.
  • Bleeding which is brown or bright red as to color, occurring with or without cramps.
  • Sudden decrease as to the signs of pregnancy.
  • Tissue with a cloth-like material passing from your vagina.

How to avoid miscarriage?

The signs of miscarriage are reasonable enough to start with all the measures that could help you to avoid the chances of miscarriage to further deliver a healthy baby. Here is how to prevent miscarriage:

Schedule a pre-conception visit with your gynaecologist:

If you are not pregnant already, you must schedule a pre-conception visit with your gynaecologist in order to keep a check on the overall health of the internal system of your body. Your gynaecologist will review the entire medical history along with your lifestyle and would perform the relevant examination, blood tests and various other check-ups as required in the context.

Consume a balanced diet:

What food causes miscarriage? What food wards off miscarriage? Get in touch with your nutritionist to find an answer to all these questions and queries. A well-balanced and a healthy diet is the best way using which you can keep yourself healthy and active and can avoid the chances of getting miscarriage while you are pregnant. Include the foods like fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily diet.

Exercise is important:

Exercise has always been playing a major role as to the maintenance of overall health and well-being of a person. Thus, even when you are pregnant, you must not stop to continue the usual exercise or workout routine. However, you must avoid lifting heavy weights and concentrate more on moderate exercise to keep yourself and your child healthy.

Stop the consumption of caffeine:

All the mothers-to-be must limit the intake of caffeine during the term of their pregnancy. Stop sipping on black coffee and also avoid other caffeinated drinks to stay healthy during your pregnancy.

Avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs:

Cigarettes, alcohol and drugs have never helped any person stay fit and healthy. Thus, if you are into any of these habits, you must quit everything to stay fit and healthy. All these elements have ill effects on the overall well-being of a person.

Say goodbye to stress:

A good pregnancy doesn’t only suggest a physical well-being, but the mental well-being as well. Thus, it is always important to work for the peace of mind. It is always suggested to stay as relaxed as you can.

Control your blood sugar level:

An elevated level of blood sugar can lead to a number of disturbances in the body, especially in terms of a pregnant woman as it may lead to fetal malformation as well as a subsequent loss. Thus, you must get in touch with your healthcare provider to get your blood sugar levels controlled in order to stay fit and healthy.

Any pregnancy brings along with it a lot of happiness, at the same time it comes with a lot of things to be taken care of. Miscarriage is one worst thing that could happen to a woman during her pregnancy. Thus, the signs of miscarriage must be taken seriously. As a woman, you must always urge to keep yourself fit and healthy.