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Top 15 Things To Know For The First Time Pregnancy

Pregnancy constitutes to be one of the most beautiful stages of life for any women. Each and every one wishes to have a safe pregnancy, and deliver a healthy little one. However, if it is a first time pregnancy, then there are many important things to be kept in mind, to help you out during the 9 months of pregnancy.

Top 15 Things To Know For The First Time Pregnancy

Women who are trying to conceive for a long time now will find it difficult to wait for the pregnancy confirmation. It is entirely normal to be anxious and excited about the “good news” especially if you are going to be pregnant for the first time. There are many ways to confirm pregnancy, but you must first understand about the menstrual cycle:

Period Calculator:

Following the exact date of the period is very helpful in many ways. The period date will help in knowing the exact day of the next cycle and also assists in calculating the best days for conception and ovulation.

Ovulation Calculator:

Ovulation calculator helps in understanding the productive days for conception. It will give you the exact day when ovulation occurs. Hence, the best days to conceive can be calculated through the ovulation calculator.

Implantation Cycle:

Understanding the day of conception also incorporates the use of an implantation calculator. The date as per the implantation calculator will help in identifying the exact time when the implantation of the zygote occurs in the uterus.

Few women suffer from “implantation bleeding” while many others don’t. Implantation bleeding is the faint pink colored spotting, which occurs when the embryo gets implanted in the wall of the uterus.

HCG Calculator:

The HCG calculator is one of the most accessible and accurate ways of confirming pregnancy. During the initial days of conception, the most important hormone secreted in the body of the expectant mother is the Human Chorionic Hormone (HCG). The level of the hormone can be checked in both the urine and the blood of the woman to confirm the pregnancy.

Important Hormones Secreted In The Body During Pregnancy:

It is paramount to understand the hormones that are released in the body during pregnancy to support the growing embryo and prepare the body. Women with a first time pregnancy will find this information useful, as follows:

Human Chorionic Hormone(HCG):

During implantation of the embryo in the wall of the uterus, an important hormone is secreted, called as the human chorionic hormone or HCG. The hormone can be measured in both the urine as well as the blood of the pregnant woman. HCG is a vital hormone for the development of the baby.

Progesterone:

Progesterone is the hormone which plays a crucial role in the development of the baby during the entire duration of the pregnancy. The secretion of the hormone is essential and will continue throughout the 9 months. Progesterone aids the flow of blood to the wall of the uterus, the formation of the placenta, preparing the breasts for lactation, preventing premature labor, etc.

Estrogen:

The hormone in charge of the development of the vital fetal organs is estrogen. For first time pregnancy, estrogen is the hormone responsible for the formation of the placenta and helps in the growth of it. The hormone prepares the breasts for lactation.

Relaxin:

The hormone responsible for the relaxation of the various muscles in the body during pregnancy is relaxin. The secretion of relaxin is very critical during pregnancy, as it helps in allowing the uterus to expand and also prepares the body to endure childbirth. The body muscles stretch a lot during pregnancy, to accommodate the growing baby, which is facilitated by the hormone relaxin.

Important Things To Be Kept In Mind During Pregnancy:

Few simple tips must be kept in mind during pregnancy, to make the journey of the 9months of gestation comfortable and safe. There is nothing that can be overlooked or missed out during pregnancy! The pregnancy information for first time mothers is as follows:

Early Pregnancy Symptoms:

There are many early pregnancy symptoms and signs, as follows:

  • The most noticeable change in the body, by the end of the fourth week of conception, will be missing the monthly period.
  • Increased levels of hormones in the body, which will lead to mood swings, anxiety, and irritability.
  • The initial symptoms of pregnancy include the urge to urinate frequently, though each time the output of urine will be scanty.
  • Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting sensation, especially in the early morning time.
  • Body pains and aches are common during the first trimester.
  • Breast tenderness and sore breasts.
  • Enlargement of the breasts and nipples.
  • Darkening of the nipples, formation of tiny bumps on the areolas of the breasts, etc.
  • Fatigue, feelings of tiredness, drowsiness, etc.
  • Food cravings at odd hours.
  • Increased sensitivity to fragrances.
  • Indigestion, heartburn and bloating.
  • Constipation.
  • Headache.
  • Spotting or faint red bleeding (implantation bleeding).
  • Increased body temperature.

Pregnancy Tests:

Most pregnancy test kits, which are available in the market, give the results as per the content of the hormone HCG in the urine. After conception, the level of HCG will increase in the body and can be detected in the urine and the blood. However, it is paramount to understand, especially for first time pregnancy that testing very early might give you a false negative result. Negative results can be due to the low content of HCG in the urine.

The best positive results will be visible only after 5 weeks of conception. It is safest to check with your gynecologist before you decide the result to be positive or negative. You need to perform the pregnancy test few days after the periods date to get an accurate result.

Prenatal Health Check Up:

It is paramount to go for your first prenatal check-up as soon as you feel the initial signs of pregnancy. The gynecologist will ask you to get an early pregnancy scan done to confirm the pregnancy. Ultrasound scanning also helps in checking for the formation of the yolk sac in the uterus. It is crucial to check for twins or triplets by checking the number of yolk sacs formed in the womb.

You will be advised by the gynecologist to undergo few preliminary blood tests. It is vital to undergo the tests to check for any underlying problems. The various tests during the initial weeks of pregnancy are as follows:

  • Blood typing
  • Checking of the Rh factor
  • Screening for anemia
  • Tests for HIV, Rubella, Hepatitis B, Syphilis, etc.
  • Thyroid test
  • Screening for Diabetes
  • Urine test

Medical Family History:

Screening for abnormalities in the developing baby is carried out during the first trimester of pregnancy. The screening for Downs Syndrome and the Nuchal translucency scan are important screening tests, which must not be missed.

Understanding the genetic problems or birth abnormalities in the family is paramount. It will be helpful to prepare yourself and stay updated about the possible risks. Identifying the family medical history is one of the most crucial things to know about pregnancy, by the gynecologist.

Vaccinations:

There are few vaccinations essential for pregnant mothers. There are many benefits of vaccinating the expectant mother, especially keeping many important diseases at bay! For first time pregnancy, vaccines are completely safe and won’t harm the developing baby in the womb. The conventional vaccines administered to women are as follows:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • HPV
  • Tetanus
  • Diphtheria

Implantation Bleeding:

It is common for many women to suffer from light pink colored spotting or bleeding during implantation. The faint red discharge of blood is called as “implantation bleeding.” Many women suffer from implantation bleeding and many don’t. The zygote formed inside the fallopian tubes will reach the uterus wall and get implanted there, which may or may not cause some bleeding.

Ectopic Pregnancy:

Meeting the gynecologist is essential during the first few weeks of pregnancy, you must never skip it! A major complication during the initial weeks of conception is an “ectopic pregnancy.” A pregnancy which is formed in the fallopian tubes is called as an ectopic pregnancy. It is a dangerous complication, as it won’t survive for long, leading to an abortion along with posing a threat to the pregnant woman’s life as well.

Pregnancy Calendar:

It is crucial for a pregnant woman to understand the weeks and months of pregnancy. Following the pregnancy calendar will help you in understanding the week by week development of the baby. It will be beneficial for you to follow the health tips and nutrition accordingly.

Trimester Month Weeks

 

1st Trimester Month 1 1 to 4 weeks
  Month 2 5 to 8 weeks
  Month 3 9 to 13 weeks
2nd Trimester  
  Month 4 14 to 17 weeks
Month 5 18 to 21 weeks
  Month 6 22 to 26 weeks
3rd Trimester    
  Month 7 27 to 30 weeks
  Month 8 31 to 35 weeks
  Month 9 36 to 40 weeks

Breast Enlargement:

The most common early pregnancy symptom is the tenderness of the breasts. Most women complain of achy and tingly breasts during pregnancy, especially the first trimester. Many women feel that the cup size has increased during the 1st trimester. The important pregnancy hormones, namely Progesterone and Estrogen are responsible for the changes in the breasts. Apart from looking bigger, you will also observe that the nipples of the breasts will be sticking out more than usual. Darkening of the skin around the nipples is another common symptom during pregnancy. All the changes taking place in the breasts will help in lactation. One of the most important first pregnancy tips is to invest in a good maternity bra.

Weight Gain During Pregnancy:

During the 1st trimester of pregnancy, weight gain is minimal. As the months of the pregnancy proceed, there will be weight gain owing to the growing baby in the womb. As nausea and morning sickness will be at its peak during the initial weeks of pregnancy, most women don’t gain much weight. However, as the expectant mother progresses to the 2nd trimester, there will be slow and steady weight gain. So, during first time pregnancy, it is normal to get anxious about the weight gain. However, just concentrate on taking a healthy pregnancy diet than stress about the gained pounds!

Pregnancy Diet:

It is paramount for a pregnant woman to concentrate on taking the right meal to promote healthy growth and development of the baby. You mustn’t focus on the weight, but the quality of food you eat. It is essential to avoid foods that can provide a breeding ground for fungi, bacteria, or parasites. You must concentrate on having more fresh fruits and raw vegetables, and drink lots of water during pregnancy.

Pregnancy Care:

Enduring the baby in the uterus for the nine months of pregnancy, needs you to stay healthy and active. You will need to increase the stamina of the body, to be able to endure childbirth efficiently. The first few weeks of pregnancy are very crucial for the development of the baby. The chances of miscarriage and abortion will be very high during the early stages of pregnancy, and hence pregnancy care is vital.

Pregnancy Medications:

The first trimester of pregnancy is the most crucial stage of the development of the baby. The vital organs in the body of the baby will begin development during the 1st trimester. Since it marks the beginning of pregnancy, you are required to take utmost care of yourself. You must never skip the medications prescribed by the gynecologist. Most doctors suggest the oral intake of Folic Acid, Multivitamin medication, calcium, and iron supplements. The medications will help in the proper development of the organs and body parts of the baby, hence must never be missed!

Exercise:

Exercise

The best pregnancy tips include staying active and building the body’s stamina. Swimming and walking are excellent exercises to be incorporated into the daily schedule throughout the pregnancy. However, it is paramount to keep in mind that strenuous exercising or overdoing anything can be dangerous. Exercise promotes muscle tone, strengthens the muscles, and increases the stamina and the level of endurance in the body.

Stay Hygienic:

Hygiene plays a significant role in the health of any individual indeed! Since pregnancy increases the risk of vaginal infections, it is paramount to remain sanitary. You can check with your gynecologist about feminine hygiene wash solutions. Alternatively, you can try and soak the undergarments in a mild disinfectant before drying them. It will kill any possible bacterial and fungal growth in the clothing.

Labor Pains:

As you approach the due date to deliver the baby, you might suffer from pains called as “labor pains.” Frequent contractions in the abdomen, which increase in the duration and intensity, are labor pains. Most gynecologists will suggest the pregnant women to walk during early labor.

Child And Maternity Essentials:

It is best to avoid last minute rushes and stay well prepared for the baby. You must plan well in advance for the baby and maternity needs to avoid last minute confusion. Few important things that are needed by a newborn baby are as follows:

  • Baby clothing
  • Baby mats and matting
  • Blanket
  • Warm clothes
  • Feeding requirement
  • Pacifier
  • Baby powder and soap

Child Care:

Post the delivery of the baby; there will be a sudden responsibility of taking care of a little one. It is, therefore paramount to be well aware of the child care by reading books or getting information from an experienced person.

It is a common feeling to be nervous and anxious for a first-time mother. You can face the challenges of first time pregnancy, childbirth, and child care efficiently by talking to an experienced person. Bond well with your partner and discuss the necessary things and needs post the delivery. So welcome the little soul in your life with confidence by planning and staying well organized!