It has been found that more than 70% of people nowadays suffer from a stroke at some point in time in their life. A stroke can be defined as the medical condition in which the supply of blood to the brain gets cut short. The reduction in the blood flow will make the brain deficient of the essential nutrients and supply of oxygen. The brain cells will die if there is a lack of oxygen supply and hence, immediate treatment for stroke must be carried forward.
If you can get immediate treatment for stroke, then the recovery time will be lesser with fewer complications. The long lasting effects of the stroke will be considerably minimized by getting medical aid immediately.
The treatment option will depend upon the types of stroke the person is suffering from. So, it is paramount to identify all the signs and symptoms.
Types Of Stroke:
The types of stroke can be classified into two main types, as follows:
The stroke which occurs due to a blockage in the artery is called as the Ischemic Stroke.
The stroke which occurs through a leaking blood vessel or due to the bursting of the vessel of blood is called as a Hemorrhagic stroke.
Transient Ischemic Attack:
The stroke which occurs due to the temporary disturbance in the flow of the blood to the brain is called as the TIA.
Causes Of Stroke:
There are many causes of stroke, as follows:
- High Blood Pressure
- Second-hand smoking
- Cardiac problems
- Being overweight or obese
- Blood thinners
- Age factor
- Heredity Reasons
- Extremely low body stamina
- Stress and anxiety
Symptoms Of Stroke:
There are various symptoms of stroke, which need to be watched carefully, as follows:
Stammering And Hesitant Speech:
Difficulty in understanding the speech of a person is a sign of a stroke. The person may experience a confused state of mind, with slurring of words. If you identify these symptoms at the earliest, you will be able to provide the timely treatment for stroke.
If the person develops sudden paralysis of the face, leg, arm, etc. or numbness on one side of the body, it is one of the most obvious stroke symptoms. Very often, one side of the mouth droops during a stroke.
Blurred vision in the eyes or difficulty in seeing is one of the most common symptoms of stroke.
A severe headache, along with uneasiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting sensation, etc. indicate that the person is suffering from a stroke.
Disharmony In The Gait:
A disturbance in the body balance, unexplained dizziness, etc. denotes a sign of a stroke.
When the initial signs of stroke begin, you must observe the duration of time and seek medical aid immediately. It is paramount to understand that even after the symptoms seem to diminish, the person needs to be thoroughly examined.
Steps To Be Taken To Identify A Stroke:
- During an unexpected medical emergency, you need to act swiftly and fast.
- You can ask the person to smile and check for any signs of stroke such as drooping of the face to one side.
- Ask the person to raise their arms and check if one arm is drifting down than the other.
- The person who suffers from a stroke will have a strange speech.
- If the person is unable to walk straight by themselves, then you can identify it as a sign of a stroke.
- You must never ignore the initial signs and get the immediate treatment for stroke even after the symptoms disappear.
- Each and every minute during the occurrence of the stroke and after it is important.
- The longer you ignore the stroke symptoms, the greater the risk of any potential brain damage.
Recovery After A Stroke:
- Post the emergency treatment for stroke, you will have to focus on regaining the lost strength.
- The impact of the stroke will be greatly dependent upon the duration of the stroke.
- The amount of the brain cells and tissues which are damaged by the stroke will determine the damage to the body.
- It is paramount to understand that if the stroke affects the right side of the brain, then the movement of the left side of the body will get affected.
- Similarly, if the stroke affects the left side of the brain, then the movement of the right side of the body will get affected.
- The most common damages caused by a stroke will be difficulty in speaking and language disorders.
- The other damages to the body after a stroke involve breathing problems, difficulty in swallowing, blurred vision, loss of body balance, etc.
- The timely treatment for stroke will help in overcoming all the damages and getting back to healthy lifestyle soon.
- The chances of survival will be more with the timely and appropriate treatment and care.
The treatment for stroke will depend on factors such as the age of the person, the type of stroke, the damage caused by the stroke, other underlying health issues, heredity factors, etc. Most of the patients who have suffered a stroke will be involved in a rehabilitation program.
The stroke treatment for treating an Ischemic stroke will require the restoration of the flow of blood to the brain. The immediate medical treatment will involve the therapy to begin within as less as three hours from the stroke.
The medication involved with the treatment for stroke involves clot-dissolving drugs as follows:
Aspirin is administered for preventing the formation of clots in the blood. It will reduce the chances of consecutive strokes from occurring after the initial stroke.
The Plasminogen Activator (TPA) or the Alteplase is an injection given intravenously. The drug has the capability to burst the blood clots. However, it will be effective if given within 3 three to five hours after the symptoms of stroke are observed. It acts an effective stroke treatment.
It involves the injection of the medication directly into the brain. A catheter will be inserted into the artery in the groin area. The long tube will administer the TPA directly where the stroke has occurred.
Clot Removal Or Mechanical Thrombectomy:
The mechanical removal of the clot involves the use of a catheter, to break the clot or remove it from the brain.
Remedies For Stroke:
There are various procedures which can be carried out by the Doctor for treating the stroke. The procedure will differ depending upon the intensity of the stroke and the types of stroke, as follows:
The procedure involves the removal of the plaques from the brain arteries around the neck region. The procedure is carried out by a surgeon. The blocked artery is repaired with sutures and a graft.
Stents And Angioplasty:
In the procedure, a balloon is used to make space in the blocked artery followed by the insertion of a stent so as to support the artery. The procedure is carried out under the supervision of a surgeon, through the groin area.
Treatment Of Stroke-Medications:
- The treatment for stroke involves controlling the bleeding in the brain so that proper pressure inside it can be restored.
- Drugs such as Coumadin, Plavix, etc. will be administered to prevent the clots in the blood.
- Medications for decreasing the pressure in the brain or the intracranial pressure are given.
- Drugs can be given to keep a check on the blood pressure, to avert seizures, inhibit vasospasms, etc.
- After controlling the bleeding inside the brain, the treatment will involve medical supervision.
- If the area where the bleeding has occurred is large, then the surgeon might prefer to relieve the pressure in the brain by removing the clot.
- Sometimes surgeons carry on a procedure called as Surgical Clipping.
- It involves the prevention of the bleeding in the brain and also prevents the bulges in the brain vessels from bursting.
- Surgical removal of the blood clot in the brain is a surgical procedure that can be carried out in certain cases.
- A surgical bypass is created in the blood vessels to facilitate easy flow of blood by the surgeon.
- Apart from the surgical treatment, you can try the home remedies for stroke as recovery and care after the illness.
Home Remedies For Stroke:
Apart from medication, you can take the help of alternative medications for preventing strokes. The home remedies for stroke involve massages, acupuncture, dietary supplements, etc. The various remedies can be enlisted as follows:
- Incorporate Green tea in your daily routine for the various benefits in lowering the cholesterol.
- Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Perform Yoga.
- Body massage.
- Take herbal supplements
- Keep the stress levels down.
How To Prevent A Stroke?
There are many causes for stroke and understanding them is paramount to avoid the risk of a possible stroke. Brain hemorrhages have many causes such as:
- Elevated Blood Pressure Levels
- Excessive use of Anti-coagulants
- Weak spots in the walls of the blood vessels
- Malformations in the blood vessels
- Blocked arteries in the brain
Regardless of the underlying problems, you can lower your risk of a possible stroke by keeping in mind few essential things. You can follow these simple tips as the answer to the question how to prevent a stroke, as follows:
- Keep the blood pressure stable.
- Reduce the intake of salt in food and meals.
- Quit smoking.
- Avoid being in the company of people who smoke.
- Indulge in regular exercising.
- Avoid being overweight.
- Cut down the calories.
- Incorporate more vegetables into the diet.
- Eat a balanced meal.
- Drink sufficient water to maintain the body balance.
- Treat cardiac problems in the early stages.
- Keep a check on the blood sugar levels.
- Avoid food high in cholesterol.
Following few simple steps will help in understanding how to prevent stroke and help you stay healthy.
The timely treatment for stroke will help you in the recovery and quick rehabilitation. You must identify the early signs and seek immediate medical attention to stay healthy and protect yourself from further complications